Leading provider of global metal & steel prices | Metal Bulletin - Integrated Plant Solutions for Stainless & Special Steelmaking
Process route of stainless steel production Raw Material based on scrap (capacity: 0.4 to 1 mio t/a) Scrap, HBI, DRI FeCrHC Nickel O 2 N 2 /Ar O 2, N 2; Ar Ar Duplex (Stainless Steel) or Carbon Steel Triplex (Stainless Steel) or spout Duplex (Stainless Steel)
Steel Melting (BOF/EAF) | Carmeuse
Steel makers face numerous challenges in the steel melting process due to variability in raw materials. Carmeuse supplies quality products which are consistent in properties to help steel makers overcome these challenges allowing you to focus on producing
what is Argon-Oxygen Decarburization | Youfa steel pipe …
The amount of carbon in stainless steel must be lower than that in carbon steel or lower alloy steel (i.e., steel with alloying element content below 5%). While electric arc furnaces (EAF) are the conventional means of melting and refining stainless steel, AOD is an economical supplement, as operating time is shorter and temperatures are lower than in EAF steelmaking.
ARGON OXYGEN DECARBURIZATION PROCESS PDF
Learn more about Praxair’s Argon Oxygen Decarburization process that is used to make over 75% of the world’s stainless steel. Argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) converter is popularly used in the stainless steel making process. AOD has a top lance for oxygen
PROCESS LINES for stainless steel production
Desulfurization in the AOD-L converter guarantees sulfur concentrations of less than 0.005%. Finally, the fine-tuning phase ensures the required steel composition and the casting temperature are achieved. Process lines. SMS DEMAG Stainless steel production
The Analysis of the Blowing Process with the Top Lance …
The amount of the Chromium oxidized, and the temperature-increasing speed of the bath is analyzed. The result shows, if the lance gap is set suitably, the 110-three-holes top lance will be the most beneficial to the stainless steel-making in the AOD when the high
Converter steelmaking (Stainless steel) | SMS group
The AOD converter is key equipment in the stainless steelmaking process. An argon-oxygen mixture is being injected into the molten steel through sidewall-nozzles …
Stainless Steel: Digitalized know-how for AOD converter …
Jindal Stainless Ltd. issued the final acceptance certifie for the new level-2-process automation on AOD converter #1 to Primetals Technologies in April 2019. The AOD converter was equipped with a level-1-system and brought into operation by a third party in 2010.
Desulfurization of steel [SubsTech]
31/5/2012· Sulfur (S) may dissolve in liquid iron (Fe) at any concentration.However solubility of sulfur in solid iron is limited: 0.002% in α-iron at room temperature and 0.013% in γ-iron at 1832 F (1000 C). When a liquid steel cools down and solidifies the solubility of sulfur drops and it is liberated from the solution in form of iron sulfide (FeS) forming an eutectic with the surrounding iron.
Secondary steel making processes - SlideShare
STEEL MAKING ROUTES 4. SECONDARY STEEL MAKING PROCESSES (I)AOD PROCESS (II)VOD PROCESS (iii)CLU PROCESS (iv)LADLE FURNACE 5. RH DEGASSER TECHNIQUE 3. What is Steel is an alloy of Iron and Carbon containing less
Refractory Solutions for Stainless Steelmaking
Content AOD Transfer Ladle Teeming Ladle Maintenance Lining Solutions for Ultra Low Carbon Steels Solution Ultra-low carbon MgO-C • Special carbon source • Retained carbon < 2% • Suitable for steel grades with 30 to 70 ppm maximum carbon content
INVESITIGATION OF AIR ENTRAPMENT INTO AN ARGON OXYGEN …
AOD (Argon Oxygen Decarburization) is popularly used in the stainless steel-making process. AOD has a top lance for oxygen injection and several bottom tuyeres to blow oxygen or inert gas. The inert gas is argon and nitrogen. Normally, the gas blowing stage
Why oxygen use in steel making - Answers
The pig iron is converted into steel through a process called the basic oxygen steel making. When argon comes in contact with oxygen? Argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) is a process used in
PRANAY KUMAR YADAV - Associate Manager - Jindal …
Process time reduction in low carbon grades like 304L and 409L at AOD . mathematical model for decarburisation phase during process and carbon removal rate prediction was prepared. Optimisation of slag making and flow pattern for different grades for process
CN105219923A - A kind of RKEF produces the technique …
The present invention relates to the technique that a kind of RKEF produces ferronickel, ferrochrome and AOD furnace triplex process smelting stainless steel, comprise step: adopt the RKEF technique thick nickelalloy of melting and ferrochrome respectively, and
Process evaluation of AOD stainless steel making in …
Ashok, K and Sankar, P and Maruthupandian, K (2017) Process evaluation of AOD stainless steel making in Salem Steel Plant, SAIL. Journal of Metallurgy …
Iron & Steel Making | ANT Steel Engineers (Asia) Pvt. Ltd.
IF along with AOD is ideal for Stainless Steel making because of its economics. For alloy steel making recent trend is to route the IF heat through LD converter, LF, VD and CCM with all the latest facilities.
Ladle Refining Furnaces (LRF) are used to desulfurize steel, remove other impurities and hold the molten steel for casting operations. Large ladles are used in most metal-melting operations to transfer molten metal from melting furnaces to refining or pouring stations.
Stainless steel casting - CIREX
Stainless steel casting Your reliable partner in stainless steel casting CIREX is one of the largest steel foundries in the world. By our decades of experience with lost wax investment casting in steel, we can assure you high quality castings, which are produced in a very efficient manner.
AISI | Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking
The electric arc furnace operates as a batch melting process producing batches of molten steel known "heats". The electric arc furnace operating cycle is called the tap-to-tap cycle and is made up of the following operations: Furnace charging Melting Refining
Steps in the Modern Steelmaking Process
14/1/2020· The Modern Steel Production Process Methods for manufacturing steel have evolved significantly since industrial production began in the late 19th century. Modern methods, however, are still based on the same premise as the original Bessemer Process, which …
An Introduction to Premium Melting - Carpenter - Home
(AOD) shop, allows the tailoring of alloy quality to customer requirements. Carpenter’s capacity to produce VIM, ESR, and VAR product is among the largest in the world with the ability to deliver small and large quantity orders of high-quality alloys. The Premium
Characterization of Current Production AOD+ESR Alloy 625 Plate
The argon-oxygen-decarburization (AOD) process was invented initially for stainless steel making but was quickly adopted by IA11 and others for nickel base alloys. Electroslag remelt process (ESR) was introduced for better control of
Mathematical modeling of the argon-oxygen …
The critical carbon concentration of decarburization (after which the decarburization changes to become controlled by the mass transfer of carbon in molten steel) for the AOD refining process of austenitic stainless steel in an 18-t AOD vessel is in the range of 0
Argon oxygen decarburization - Infogalactic: the …
Argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) is a process primarily used in stainless steel making and other high grade alloys with oxidizable elements such as chromium and aluminum. After initial melting the metal is then transferred to an AOD vessel where it will be subjected to three steps of refining; decarburization , reduction , and desulphurization .